The Torah

More about the space project- Our values ​​based

The Torah

The Torah has been a symbol of the Jewish people for thousands of years. The Torah is not a regular book. The production of a Torah scroll written on a parchment scroll filled with ancient traditions. Each word is carefully written by hand by a scribe, who has undergone special training in the laws of halakhah regarding the writing of words written only for Torah scrolls.

To receive kosher certification, a Torah scroll must be handwritten on a card made from a kosher animal. In addition, no metal should be used to create a Torah scroll, as it is a reference to weapons. Therefore, the writer must use a quill to write the book, not the pen. The ink must be black, of special composition, and no other color or shade.

The Torah Book of “Torah on the Moon” is particularly unique, as it will be one of the smallest Torah books ever commissioned. For space missions, weight and mass are extremely important factors. Every gram and every square inch are considered. Therefore the Torah scroll will be as small as possible to ensure the success of the mission. As to the exact size and weight, you will be notified when the Torah scroll is ready and integrated into the spacecraft.”

More about value-driven space projects

More about value-driven space projects

Mission

The universe has captured human imagination for thousands of years. Looking at the sky, mankind craved answers and guidance in a vast space. The moon has always been a beacon of possibility and a symbol of dreams and destiny.

Torah is the eternal Bible and teaches the world the value of morality, justice, culture and education. In today’s society, we have lost many of these values ​​and replaced them with technology and madness in the modern world instead.

By sending the Torah to the Moon, we seek to bring Torah’s lessons back to the forefront. The Torah, funded by a crowd fund, will enable individuals to purchase letters and create scrolls that hold the hope, hope and mourning of thousands of people. By bringing it to the moon, it will show that humanity has not lost its ability to dream yet, and through moonlight it will “launch” the value of the Torah back to Earth.

This is not the first time the Bible text was launched into the outer universe. In 1971, the King James Bible printed on microfilm was published in Apollo 14 and returned to Earth. The first legitimate Torah scroll sent to space was taken by Israeli astronaut Ilan Ramon in 2003. Our full legal Torah Rolling will be the first torah to be launched into the moon, funded by thousands of people around the world, meeting all ritual requirements and traditions. It will be left on the moon, symbolically encouraging the expansion of the common imagination.

Advance Space Program Details

Our perspective-Advance Space Program Details
Space capsule

The weather on the moon is very harsh. The temperature can reach 100 degrees Celsius during the day and as low as -173 degrees Celsius at night. To ensure that the Torah is not affected by these harsh environments, TOTM has commissioned the European Space Agency to produce a customized space capsule that protects the Torah from intactness.

The capsule is airtight and can withstand extreme temperatures. ESA used its environmental simulator to test the effects of parchment and ink of the Torah and exposure to lunar conditions. The capsule design will ensure that parchment and ink will remain intact for many years to come.

In addition, the Zomet Institute is a non-profit public research institution that combines the highest Jewish Jurisprudence, Jewish Jurisprudence, and scientists in Israel. Deal with the respect and dignity required.

First Mission to the Moon

Today, in 1968, Apollo 7 – the first manned Moon mission – was launched from Cape Kennedy, Florida, at 11:02. The spaceship crew consisted of commander Walter M Schirra Jr., command module pilot Donn F Eisele, and Walter Cunningham as moon module pilot.

Apollo 7 carries a pilot of the Moon module, but there is no Moon module. This aircraft is the first human manned test from the Command and Service Module. The crew orbits the earth 163 times and spends 10 days, 20 hours in space.

In addition, this plane spends more time in space compared to other flights. Also, this mission featured the first live broadcast on TV.

The availability of warm and anti-gravity foods that complement the spacecraft increases initial comfort compared to previous Mercury and Gemini flights.

The main engine service system propulsion system (SPS) proved successful. The SPS engine is the largest manually driven thrust vector machine.

Enhanced Facilities

As part of efforts to reduce fire hazards before takeoff and during early flights, the cabin module command atmosphere consists of 60% oxygen and 40% nitrogen. During this period the crew was isolated from the cabin by a suit circuit, which contained 100% oxygen. Shortly after takeoff, the cabin atmosphere is gradually enriched to pure oxygen at a pressure of 2 square kilograms.

The aircraft is also equipped with the addition of fire extinguishers, emergency oxygen masks, onboard TV cameras, and S-Band equipment.

Another history records that a giant-bodied, long-necked dinosaur is believed to still be alive in Loch Ness Lake, Scotland. The creature, nicknamed the Loch Ness monster or Nessie, shocked the world in the 20th Century, to be exact around 1934.

But on October 11, 1987, the existence of the creature was doubted by many parties because a large-scale search did not produce any results. Efforts to prove the existence of the ancient animal have ended.

This Is the Reason Why Nasa No Longer Sends Humans to the Moon

Until this moment NASA no longer sends humans to the moon. A number of astronauts also opened their voices, they revealed there were three reasons why this happened. The last time humans visited the Moon was in December 1972 during the Apollo 17 mission of the United States Space Agency or NASA.

After Apollo 17, for decades later, NASA planned to send people back to the Moon. But until now, the plan has not been implemented. A number of astronauts then revealed some of the biggest reasons why humans have not yet been sent back to the Moon. Some mentioned the reasons for budget constraints to state politics, as well as about scientific or technical aspects.

Here, 3 reasons why NASA no longer sends humans to the Moon – according to the viewpoints of astronauts and ex-astronauts -, as quoted by Business Insider Singapore, Sunday (07/15/2018).

1. Cost is expensive but a small budget

One of the main obstacles is the issue of budget and costs.

The law signed in March 2017 by US President Donald Trump gave NASA an annual budget of around US $ 19.5 billion, and it would probably increase to US $ 19.9 billion in 2019.

However, the budget must be used to finance all projects currently being carried out by NASA, such as the James Webb Space Telescope, the giant Space Launch System rocket project, and exploration missions to the Sun, Jupiter, Mars, Asteroid Belt, Kuiper Belt, and end of the system Sun.

The principle of ‘big stakes rather than poles’ applies there, given that each project requires a large cost, while NASA’s budget is relatively small – by comparison, the US military gets a budget of around US $ 600 billion per year.

Even unique, NASA’s current budget is relatively small compared to the agency’s budget in the past.

“NASA once received a 4 percent portion of the federal budget in 1965. But now, over the past 40 years, NASA has only got under 1 percent of the federal budget portion. And over the past 15 years, it has been headed for 0.4 percent of the federal budget,” said the ex-astronaut the Apollo 7 mission Walter Cunningham at the US Congress in 2015.

Trump promised to increase NASA’s budget, however, even astronauts felt that it would not be sufficient for all of the agency’s current projects – nor was it enough to finance the mission of sending humans to the Moon.

The 2005 report by NASA estimates that the mission of sending humans back to the Moon will cost around US $ 104 billion (or US $ 133 billion in accordance with inflation this year) for about 13 years.

“Manned exploration is the most expensive space venture and, as a result, the most difficult to get political support,” said Cunningham

“Unless the country – specifically Congress – decides to put more money in it,”

2. Politics

One of President Donald Trump’s government promises is to re-send astronauts to “the Moon and its surroundings” in 2023.

However, that year was the end of the second period of Trump’s presidency – even if he was re-elected in the US Presidential Election 2020.

And therein lies another big problem: politics.

“Why do you believe what the president said about the prediction of something that will happen to the two administrations in the future? (Then) That’s just bullshit,” said Chris Hadfield, former astronaut for the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) and NASA.

From an astronaut’s perspective, Hadfield said, sending humans to the Moon was about missions – designing and testing spacecraft that could get people into outer space. Not a political promises from the president who want to seek office for the second period.

“I want the next president to support a budget that allows us to complete the mission, whatever the mission,” said astronaut Scott Kelly – who spent a year at the International Space Station – in January 2016, in the Reddit Ask Me Anything session.

Nevertheless, the legendary astronaut Buzz Aldrin does not deny that politics plays an important role in the mission of sending humans to the Moon.

“I believe it starts with the commitment of the Congress, bi-partisan government, and the commitment of the government on an ongoing basis,” Aldrin said in a session at the US Congress in 2015.

The real driving force behind the government’s commitment to return to the Moon is the will of the American people, who choose politicians and help shape their policy priorities. But public interest in moon exploration has always been uncertain.

Even at the height of the Apollo program – after Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin stepped to the surface of the Moon – only 53 percent of Americans thought the program was worth the cost.

3. Technical Problems

Apart from political and budget issues, there are other obstacles that hinder the mission of sending humans to the Moon today, namely: the fact that the Lunar is a deadly location for astronauts and that should not be underestimated.

Its surface is filled with craters and rocks that threaten a safe landing.

Ahead of the first Moon landing in 1969, the US government spent billions of dollars at today’s exchange rates to develop, launch and send satellites to the Moon and to map its surface and help mission planners find a safe Apollo landing location.

But a bigger concern is regolith, also called Moon dust.

Madhu Thangavelu, an aeronautical engineer at the University of Southern California, wrote in 2014 that the Moon has “a layer of fine dust in several regions and has electro-static properties … capable of damaging spacecraft, vehicles, and other equipment very quickly.”

Peggy Whitson, an astronaut who lived at the International Space Station for a total of 665 days, recently told Business Insider that the Apollo mission “had many problems with dust.”

“If we are going to spend a long time and build permanent habitats, we must find ways to overcome the dust of the Moon,” Whitson said.

There are also problems with sunlight. During the 14.75 days, the surface of the moon is a view of boiling hell exposed directly to hot sun – and the Moon has no protective atmosphere.

While 14.75 the next day, Bulana experienced total darkness, making its surface one of the coldest places in the universe.

A small nuclear reactor developed by NASA, called Kilopower, can supply electricity to astronauts for weeks on the Lunar – and will be useful on missions on other planets, including Mars.

“There is no place that is less environmentally friendly or harder to live than the moon,” Thangavelu wrote. “And again, because it is so close to Earth, there is no better place to learn how to live, far from planet Earth.”

NASA has designed dome and rover resistant to dust and sun, although it is uncertain whether the equipment is ready to launch, because part of it is part of the Constellation program which is now precisely canceled by the US government – for political and budgetary reasons.